Physiology of Fruit Trees


Course description:

This course covers issues concerning physiology and effects of various factors and techniques on fruit tree growth and development. Also, the water relations and nutrition of fruit trees are studied. Emphasis is also given on the relations between a) vegetative and floral development and b) root and shoot growth. Finally, there is a focus on the effects of environmental stress and growth regulators on fruit quality as well as on alternate bearing in fruit trees.

 

Course page: https://eclass.duth.gr/courses/OPE01182/

 

Suggested textbooks:

1) Maib K.M. (1996) Tree Fruit Physiology. Washington State Univ. Proceedings. 165 p.

2) Hopkins G.W. and Huner P.A. (2020) Plant Physiology. Broken Hill Publishers, 780 p. [In Greek]

3) Τaiz L. και Zeiger E. (2012) Plant Physiology. Utopia Publications. 5th American edition and 1st Greek edition, Greece, p. 949 [In Greek].

4) Tsekos I. (2007) Plant Physiology. Kyriakidis Bros Publications, Greece p. 784 [In Greek]. Supplemental material is available via the course web page.

 

Course objectives:

-to provide students with knowledge of the physiological processes related to growth and development of fruit trees

-to introduce students to the main factors of growth and production of fruit trees

-to introduce students to the effects of cultural practices on fruit tree performance

-to provide students with integrated orchard management techniques

 

Grading plan:

Final grade will be weighted as follows: Final written exam (80%) and homework with presentation (20%)

Integrated Control of Plant Pests


Integrated Control of Plant Pests

Type: Posgtgraduate course / Core course
Specialisation: Plant Sciences and Environment
Course coordinator: George D. Broufas
Semester: 1 (September – February)
ECTS: 7.5
Teaching Staff: G. Broufas,  M. Pappas and invited lecturers
E-mail: gbroufas@agro.duth.gr; mpappa@agro.duth.gr
Tel: +30 25520 41154 / 25520 41151

Webpage: http://entomology.agro.duth.gr/index.htm
Working hours with students: upon request (via email)

Course description:
The course covers topics related to modern, environmental friendly methods and techniques used in animal pest (insects, mites and nematodes) control of economically important crops. Different methods of biological pest control, the theoretical background and the technical and economic aspects of ecological engineering as a tool of modern crop protection in agro-ecosystems are presented and analyzed. Furthermore, the course covers the development and interpretation of phenological forecasting models and their practical applications in plant protection. The use of selective plant protection products with lower toxicity to beneficial non-target organisms (predatory insects and mites and pollinators) is discussed in the context of integrated pest management.

Course webpage: http://pms.agro.duth.gr/index.files/PACRO02_COURSE.htm
Course e-class: https://eclass.duth.gr/courses/OPE01156/

Only registered users have access to the course material (lecture notes, course papers, announcements etc). The relevant material is available in the file “Documents” of each year’s User Group.

Course books*:
– Bigler F., Babendreier D. & Kuhlmann U. 2006. Environmental Impact of Invertebrates for Biological Control of Arthropods: methods and risk assessment. CABI Publishing, UK.
– Dent D. 2000. Insect Pest Management. CABI Publishing, UK.
– Gurr G.M. & Wratten S.D. 2004. Ecological Engineering for Pest Management: advances in habitat manipulation for arthropods. CABI Publishing, Australia.
*Additional literature sources are available to students through e-class.

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of the course the students will be able to:
– understand the basic principles of biological control in different cropping systems
– identify the most important groups of biological control agents
– use protocols for the evaluation of the acute toxicity and persistence of certain plant protection products against biological control agents
– use ecological engineering as a tool to enhance efficiency of biological control agents in agricultural systems
– organize protocols for pest control in IPM and organic production systems

Evaluation:
– Written exams at the end of the semester
– Literature review assignment
Final grade (1+2):
1. Written test: 7/10
2. Review assignment: weighing 3/10

Weekly course schedule
New trends in crop protection
Biological control in greenhouse crops
Ecological engineering in crop protection
Semiochemicals: chemical communication in insects and applications in crop protection
Behavioral control of insect pests: the use of trap crops in crop protection
Behavioral control of insect pests : the method of mating disruption in crop protection
Entomopathogenic microbes
Entomopathogenic nematodes
Non-indigenous biological control agents: risks for indigenous biodiversity
Day degree phenological models in crop protection
Quality control of mass reared biological control agents
Botanical insecticides: opportunities and prospects for their use in plant protection
The use of pesticides in integrated production systems

Literature review & oral presentation

Written exams

New – Alternative Crops


New‐Alternative Crops

Type: Graduate course / Mandatory course

Division: Plant Science and Environment

Coordinator: Spyridon Koutroubas

Semester: 1st

ECTS: 7.5

Instructors: Spyridon Koutroubas / Christos Damalas

E‐mail: skoutrou@agro.duth.gr; cdamalas@agro.duth.gr

Telephone: 25520 41125 / 25520 41116

 

Cooperation with students: after contact (via email)

Course description:

Definitions, introduction to new‐alternative crops. International trends and the Greek situation. Factors affecting crop growth and distribution (climate, soil, biotic factors). Ecological conditions in Greece. Environmental conditions required for crop growth. New field crops of interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botany, crop growth cycle, common cultivation techniques. Perspectives of commercial exploitation. Production costs and total revenue.

Suggested textbooks:

 (The following titles are offered by the library of our Department)

  • Weiss A. (2000): Oilseed Crops, 2nd edn. Blackwell Science, London, UK.
  • Bavec and M. Bavec. (2006): Organic Production and Use of Alternative Crops, CRC Press, London, UK.
  • Gunstone D. (2004): Rapeseed and canola oil: Production, Processing, Properties and Uses, CRC Press, London, UK.

Learning outcomes

 Upon successful completion of the course students will be able to:

  • To recommend new‐alternative crops based on crop adaptability and
  • To design appropriate farming systems with new‐alternative
  • To recommend appropriate management approaches for increasing productivity and improving the economic efficiency of crops

Evaluation methods:

  • Written / oral exams at the end of the semester

 

Tentative schedule of classes for the course ‘New‐alternative Crops

Week

Class topic

Instructor

1st Introduction to new‐alternative crops. International trends and the Greek situation S. Koutroubas
2nd Factors affecting crop growth and distribution (climate, soil, biotic factors). Ecological conditions in Greece. Environmental conditions required for crop growth S. Koutroubas
3rd New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (rapeseed) C. Damalas
4th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (safflower) S. Koutroubas
5th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (castor bean) S. Koutroubas
6th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (ancient grains: einkorn, emmer, spelta) S. Koutroubas
7th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (soybean) S. Koutroubas
8th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (legumes) C. Damalas
9th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (stevia) C. Damalas
10th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (aromatic plants) C. Damalas
11th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (aromatic plants) C. Damalas
12th New crops with interest for Greece. Taxonomy, botanical traits, life cycle, common cultivation techniques (sesame) C. Damalas
13th Perspectives of field crops exploitation in low input cropping systems S. Koutroubas
14th Written exams