|SCHOOL||AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY SCIENCES|
|DIVISION||PLANT SCIENCES AND ENVIRONMENT|
|TYPE||Graduate Compulsory Course|
|COURSE TITLE||AGROECOSYSTEMS POLLUTION|
|INDEPENDENT TEACHING ACTIVITIES
|TEACHING HOURS PER WEEK||ECTS|
|Lectures and laboratory course||3||7.5|
|LANGUAGE (TEACHING AND EXAMS)||Greek/English|
|THE COURSE IS OFFERED TO ERASMUS STUDENTS||YES|
|COURSE WEBSITE (URL)||https://eclass.duth.gr/courses/OPE01195/|
The effects of agricultural practices on Agroecosystems structure and diversity are mainly studied. Basic crop systems and their pressures on soil and water environment are analyzed. Sources of major pollutants (pesticides, fertilizers, heavy metals, wastes from postharvest treatment plants), their fate on agroecosystem compartments (soil, air, water) and their effects on biological processes related to agricultural production (e.g. Soil microbial community structure, plants) are examined. Various risk assessment approaches are applied to estimate ecotoxicological profile of agroecosystem pollutants. Also, cases studies of polluted agroecosystems and results are presented. Advantages and disadvantages of remediation action against point and diffuse source pollution sites are discussed (bioremediation, phytoremediation, chemical remediation). Analyses of soil and water samples will be conducted and extraction and instrumental analytical techniques will be reviewed.
– P.C.Kearney, T. Roberts (Ed.) (2007) Pesticide Remediation in Soil and Water. John Wiley & Sons. 373 p.
– D. Barcelo (Ed.) (2003) Environmental Analysis Techniques, Applications and Quality Assurance. Elsevier 646 p.
– V. R. Kannan (Ed.) (2013) Microbiological Research In Agroecosystem Management. Springer. Berlin. 326 p.
– G. Merrington, L. Winder, R. Parkinson, M. Redman, L. Winder (2002) Agricultural Pollution: Environmental Problems and Practical Solutions. CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group. 264 p.
By the end of this course students will be able to:
– Understood the complexity of agroecosytsems and their effects of production systems
– Broaden their knowledge on sustainable production and environmental protection
– Understood the effects of agricultural practices on agroecosystems
– Identify the sources of agricultural pollution
– Address environmental problems
– Identify factors that deteriorate the agroecosystems
– Review presentation.
Final degree: (Maximum 100):
- Final exams: 60 units
- Review presentation: 20-40 units
- Practical: 0-20 units
Weekly course schedule
Course outline. What is «agroecosystem»; Agroecosystem’s biodiversity
Farming systems and their effects on soil and aquatic environment (Quality of irrigation water, optimization of agricultural practices)
Agricultural pollution (pesticides, fertilizers, heavy metals, agricultural and processing wastes)
Fate of pollutants (soil, air, water)
Effects of pollution in agriculture and biological processes
Pesticides and soil microbiology
Methods of environmental risk assessment
Ecotoxicology of agricultural pollutants
Pesticide residues and food safety
Remediation techniques of point source pollution (biodegradation, chemical and photochemical degradation)
Remediation techniques of diffuse source pollution (phytoremediation, engineering technologies)
Sampling and analysis of environmental samples (Laboratory)
Chromatographic techniques of determination of pesticide residues (laboratory)